Speet dating

On 23 November 1245 Count Willem II granted Haarlem city rights.This implied a number of privileges, among which the right for the sheriff and magistrates to administer justice, instead of the Count.In 1219 the knights of Haarlem were laurelled by Count Willem I, because they had conquered the Egyptian port of Damietta (or Damiate in Dutch, present-day Dimyat) in the fifth crusade.

There was a stream called "De Beek", dug from the peat grounds west of the river Spaarne as a drainage canal.There is not much dispute about the meaning of lo and heim; in Old Dutch toponyms lo always refers to 'forest' and heim (heem, em or um) to 'home' or 'house'.Haar, however, has several meanings, one of them corresponding with the location of Haarlem on a sand dune: 'elevated place'.Most likely this was an earthen wall, with wooden gates.Originally the city started out between Spaarne, Oudegracht, Ridderstraat, Bakenessergracht and Naussaustraat.

Leave a Reply