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Paul during the two years of the latter's imprisonment at Cæarea. But it is not alone in vocabulary, syntax and style, that this uniformity is manifest. His choice of medical language proves that the author was a physician.In that period he might well become acquainted with the circumstances of the death of Herod Agrippa I, who had died there eaten up by worms" (), and he was likely to be better informed on the subject than Josephus. In "The Acts of the Apostles", Harnack devotes many pages to a detailed consideration of the manner in which chronological data, and terms dealing with lands, nations, cities, and houses, are employed throughout the Acts, as well as the mode of dealing with persons and miracles, and he everywhere shows that the unity of authorship cannot be denied except by those who ignore the facts. Westein, in his preface to the Gospel ("Novum Test.At Thessalonica the Apostle received highly appreciated pecuniary aid from Philippi (Philippians -16), doubtless through the good offices of St. It is not unlikely that the latter remained at Philippi all the time that St. Luke at Philippi, and there wrote his Second Epistle to the Corinthians. Then he witnessed the infuriated Jews, in their impotent rage, rending their garments, yelling, and flinging dust into the air. His manner of dealing with the first word ( is never found in St. What may we suppose the author to have left unaltered in the source? As such a procedure is absolutely unimaginable, we are simply left to infer that the author is here himself speaking." He even thinks it improbable, on account of the uniformity of style, that the author was copying from a diary of his own, made at an earlier period.Paul was preaching at Athens and Corinth, and while he was travelling to Jerusalem and back to Ephesus, and during the three years that the Apostle was engaged at Ephesus. We may be sure that he was a constant visitor to St. After this, Harnack proceeds to deal with the remaining "we" sections, with like results. We are told the locality of only one deacon, "Nicolas, a proselyte of Antioch", 6:5; and it has been pointed out by Plummer that, out of eight writers who describe the Russian campaign of 1812, only two, who were Scottish, mention that the Russian general, Barclay de Tolly, was of Scottish extraction. Jerome) or after he became a Christian, through his close intercourse with the Apostles and disciples. The writer of Acts took a special interest in Antioch and was well acquainted with it (Acts -27; 13:1; -21, , , 23, 30, 35; ). Hence he cannot be identified with Lucius the prophet of Acts 13:1, nor with Lucius of Romans , who was of St. From this and the prologue of the Gospel it follows that Epiphanius errs when he calls him one of the Seventy Disciples; nor was he the companion of Cleophas in the journey to Emmaus after the Resurrection (as stated by Theophylact and the Greek Menologium). Luke had a great knowledge of the Septuagint and of things Jewish, which he acquired either as a Jewish proselyte (St.Please help support the mission of New Advent and get the full contents of this website as an instant download. Luke and Timothy escaped, probably because they did not look like Jews (Timothy's father was a gentile). Luke accompanied him from Philippi to Troas, and with him made the long coasting voyage described in Acts 20. Mark; and in the Acts he knows all the details of St. Mark's mother, and the name of the girl who ran to the outer door when St. Plummer argues that these sections are by the same author as the rest of the Acts: The change of person seems natural and true to the narrative, but there is no change of language.
"He [Justin] tells us that Christ was descended from Abraham through Jacob, Judah, Phares, Jesse, David that the Angel Gabriel was sent to announce His birth to the Virgin Mary that it was in fulfillment of the prophecy of Isaiah . In the "Dialogue", cv, we have a passage peculiar to St. "Jesus as He gave up His Spirit upon the Cross said, Father, into thy hands I commend my Spirit?
The argument is cumulative, and does not give way with its weakest strands. Those, however, who have studied it [Hobart's book] carefully, will, I think, find it impossible to escape the conclusion that the question here is not one of merely accidental linguistic coloring, but that this great historical work was composed by a writer who was either a physician or was quite intimately acquainted with medical language and science. Paul who wrote the Acts (and the Gospel) was a physician. Paul when he wrote to the Colossians, Philemon, and Ephesians; and also when he wrote the Second Epistle to Timothy. Among the most striking are those given by Plummer (44).
When doubtful cases and expressions common to the Septuagint, are set aside, a large number remain that seem quite unassailable. 13) says: "It is as good as certain from the subject-matter, and more especially from the style, of this great work that the author was a physician by profession. And, indeed, this conclusion holds good not only for the 'we' sections, but for the whole book." Harnack gives the subject special treatment in an appendix of twenty-two pages. The latter observes (Einl., II, 427): "Hobart has proved for everyone who can appreciate proof that the author of the Lucan work was a man practised in the scientific language of Greek medicine--in short, a Greek physician" (quoted by Harnack, op. In this connection, Plummer, though he speaks more cautiously of Hobart's argument, is practically in agreement with these writers. From the manner in which he is spoken of, a long period of intercourse is implied. The same author gives long lists of words and expressions found in the Gospel and Acts and in St. But more than this, Eager in "The Expositor" (July and August, 1894), in his attempt to prove that St.
Of course, in making such a statement one still exposes oneself to the scorn of the critics, and yet the arguments which are alleged in its support are simply convincing. He says that when Hobart's list has been well sifted a considerable number of words remains. Any two or three instances of coincidence with medical writers may be explained as mere coincidences; but the large number of coincidences renders their explanation unsatisfactory for all of them, especially where the word is either rare in the LXX, or not found there at all" (64). 1909, 385 sqq.), Mayor says of Harnack's two above-cited works: "He has in opposition to the Tübingen school of critics, successfully vindicated for St. "This position", says Plummer, "is so generally admitted by critics of all schools that not much time need be spent in discussing it." Harnack may be said to be the latest prominent convert to this view, to which he gives elaborate support in the two books above mentioned. Luke was the author of Hebrews, has drawn attention to the remarkable fact that the Lucan influence on the language of St.
Luke the authorship of the two canonical books ascribed to him, and has further proved that, with some few omissions, they may be accepted as trustworthy documents. He claims to have shown that the earlier critics went hopelessly astray, and that the traditional view is the right one. Paul is much more marked in those Epistles where we know that St. Summing up, he observes: "There is in fact sufficient ground for believing that these books.