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In the case of more than one author, the period of protection is the term of 70 years after the death of the last surviving member.
In a case of 'Work-Made-For-Hire', the protection term is 95 years from first publication or 120 years from the year of creation (whichever comes first).
An odd variation to the 'Work-Made-For-Hire' rule is websites (including the 'look & feel', the software, scripts, graphics & the text).
If someone hires a web designer to create their website, the website designer holds the copyright, unless it is specified otherwise in the contract.
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A copyright protects original works such as: literary works, musical works, dramatic works, pantomimes & choreographed works, pictorial, graphic, and sculptural works, motion pictures and other audiovisual works, sound recordings, architectural works, compilations (databases for example), written words on a website, and software programs on a website.
The copyright holder has exclusive rights such as reproduction, derivative works (being allowed to alter it), distribution, performance, display, audio & video transmission.
Once copyrights expire they become part of the public domain and are free to use by anyone.
But don't assume just because something doesn't have a copyright symbol, that it is free to use.