Columbia study on race and dating
Jacobsen reported that the Nahwitti were not keen to part with their ceremonial masks and required much persuasion. Boas illustrated four of the named houses in the village (above) in his first major scholarly book, published in 1895.See Franz Boas, Secret Societies of the Kwakiutl Indians.In this light, the masks can be seen playing the reprehensible role as trophies of victory, mastery, ownership, control and domination.Ironically, these illustrations and texts today form a rare and valuable aid in the survival of First Nations culture.He also recorded the ancestral story of the Wa'tsuxuioa house and drew its painted facade (left).Over its entrance was a sign saying: "Boston - he is the head chief of the Newette (He is true and honest and he dont give no trouble to whiteman)." mdasbe', 1881.Jacobsen's Reise, 1884 The Raven mask (above and right) in Berlin is described in the Museum of Ethnology's catalogue as an important part of the Hamatsa Dance: "With its long beak Raven picks out the eyes of its victims and eats them." Franz Boas recorded some of the Raven legends of the Nahwitti during his 1886 visit and later published them in his classic book Indianische Sagen von der Nord - Pacifischen Küste Amerikas (1895).
Adrian Jacobsen were illustrated in his 1884 narrative.
Several wear naval caps and other items of western clothing.
The high walls of Fort Rupert are seen in the background adjacent to the equally imposing Kwakiutl tribal houses of Tsais. Adrian Jacobsen The transformation mask (left and above) collected by Jacobsen is described in the Berlin Museum of Ethnology catalogue as a sculptural masterpiece that embodies the rivalry between Kwakiutl chiefs at potlatch ceremonies: "This mask, from a potlatch in Fort Rupert, shows the rivalry in two phases: the closed mask shows a spiritual ancestor of a Kwakiutl tribe who is angry and wants revenge on a rival. Photo: American Museum of Natural History Three decades earlier (18), the Royal Navy had shelled the Nahwitti who retreated as the Brits barbarically destroyed and burned their villages.
The Kwakiutl(pronounced Kwa-gyu-thl) were also known as the "Fort Rupert Indians." A photo from about 1868 (left) is inscribed: "Capt Jack, Chief of the Rupert Indians and his wife." Both individuals are well dressed in western clothes, he in a Royal Navy suit and cap.
More information about this distinguished looking couple is not available, although it is one of the earliest studio portraits of First Nations people on the Northwest Coast, taken in Victoria by Hannah Maynard. Government of BC (text added) Most of the Places of Origin for the Kwakiutl tribes including the Komkiutis are located on Vancouver Island (left) between Port Hardy and Robson Bight.